What is Insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that allows your body to use glucose (sugar) from the carbohydrates you eat, for energy.
As you eat, your body signals your pancreas to release insulin which attaches itself to the sugar, enabling your cells to absorb the sugar from your blood stream and use the sugar for energy.
Insulin helps control your blood sugar levels from getting too high or too low. If you consume too much carbohydrates in your meal, insulin will store the extra sugar in your liver, to be released when your body needs energy during physical exercise or during periods of fast.
This is where complications can arise for people with diabetes. People with diabetes cannot make enough insulin (especially with type 1 diabetics), which means the sugar cannot be absorbed or stored.
The Signs of High Blood Sugar
High levels of blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) can have implications to your health including:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Headaches and trouble focusing
It is particularly important to understand the symptoms with high blood sugar, as prolonged levels can have serious health consequences if not treated.
The Health Issues Caused by High Blood Sugar (hyperglycaemia)
High blood sugar can have serious issues for your health including:
- Damage to your nerves and / or organs,
- Ketoacidosis (link to our article)
- Extreme dehydration
Prolonged high blood sugar could cause skin infections, cold feeling feet or hands by nerve damage and slow healing cuts or sores (source)
How to control blood sugar and insulin resistance
If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, the first thing you can do to control your insulin levels is monitor your diet and take your prescribed insulin medication.
However, for those on the edge or if you frequently consume high carbohydrate foods, you can make the following lifestyle changes that enhance your wellbeing
- Drink more water – water can help remove excess sugar from your blood stream
- Walk – walking helps burns calories and requires your body to use glucose for energy. Don’t over-do it though, as expending too much energy without supplementing correctly with the right nutrition can create other issues
- Cut down on sugars and carbohydrates – after all, it is the food you eat which spikes your blood sugar
Insulin is a hormone that helps control blood sugar levels by absorbing glucose into your cells, which use the glucose for energy. It is a vital and key hormone that helps your body process metabolic functions and keep you energised for your daily life.
Source – https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/type-1-diabetes/what-insulin